5 Tips for Cleaning and Maintaining a Home Aquarium

Pets And Animals Tips is reader-supported. A purchase from clicking through a link in our articles may earn us an affiliate commission at no additional cost to you.
aquarium 323717
Photo by: aquarium 323717

Most of the problems you would ordinarily encounter with your in-home aquarium can be eliminated by spending a mere 30 minutes every other week on regular maintenance. The goal of performing regular maintenance on your aquarium is to maintain a stable, clean and balanced tank where your aquatic pets can live comfortably and contently. Chances are, if your fish are healthy and active, and your aquarium seems to be functioning properly, you won’t need to make any major changes. Here are the most common cleaning and maintenance procedures that should be performed on a regular basis.

Change the Water

You should never completely change the water in your aquarium, but every two weeks or so, you should change approximately 10 to 15% of the total water content. This is one of the most important maintenance procedures to maintain a healthy living environment for your fish.

Vacuum the Gravel

You should also vacuum the gravel in your aquarium every couple of weeks. The process will remove any uneaten fish food, fish excrement and any other waste that settles to the bottom.

Purify Your Aquarium Water

Ordinary, municipal tap water will always contain either chlorine or chloramine (chlorine plus ammonia), which is not good for your aquarium. You should add a water conditioner or purifier to neutralize the chlorine.

Clean the Filters

Once a month, you should clean your aquarium filters; however, if you have lots of fish in your tank, you may need to do it more frequently to prevent water contamination. Here’s what you need to do:

  • Change the dirty filter inserts
  • Change any included filter media
  • Occasionally, thoroughly rinse the filter to continue removing waste build-up

Test Your Aquarium Water

Since you can’t check the quality of the aquarium water through a visual inspection, you should perform regular testing to check the levels of nitrates, nitrites, the pH level and hardness of carbonates. If you have a saltwater aquarium, be sure to also check the salinity levels.

About the Author
peacock cichlids fish swimming

Dustin Williams

Dustin Williams is a third generation aquarist and tropical fish fanatic. He grew up surrounded by various pets including; dogs, cats, turtles, hamsters and of course, aquarium fish. He has owned his own aquarium since Y2K and is experienced in keeping all types of freshwater tropical fish. He currently owns a 67 gallon tank with various African Cichlids and writes content for his personal aquarium website.... Learn More

What’s Trending

Top 10 Most Popular Black Dog Breeds

Thinking about adopting a dog? Each breed has distinct characteristics [...]

Which Are the Best Brushes for Rabbits?

Just as with all other pets, rabbits can benefit from regular grooming [...]

How Big Should a Cockatiel Cage Be?

Cockatiels are a common pet among those that love birds. They are know [...]

The 5 Best Automatic Cat Litter Boxes for Multiple Cats

Cats bring so much joy to our lives. From soothing purrs to crazy kitt [...]

Top Five Most Common Types of Pet Lizards

Reptiles make fascinating pets for all ages, and lizards are perfect f [...]

Can You Keep Discus Fish in a Community Tank?

South American discus fish are a colorful and fascinating addition to [...]