How To Care for Dwarf Gouramis

Author: Moses Mwangi | Reviewed by: Nancy George | October 18, 2022 | Updated February 19, 2024
dwarf gourami care, dwarf gourami food, dwarf gourami tank, dwarf gourami tank size, dwarf gouramis
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Two male Dwarf Gouramis in an aquarium
Photo by Juan Carlos Palau Díaz on Pixabay

Dwarf gouramis are a type of freshwater fish native to Southeast Asia. They’re popular for home aquariums because of their beautiful colors and elegant fins. Dwarf gouramis are relatively easy to care for, but there are a few things you need to know to keep them healthy and happy.

In this article, we’ll give you some tips on how to care for dwarf gouramis. We’ll cover everything from what to feed them to how to set up their tank.

How To Care for Dwarf Gouramis

One of the most important things to remember is that a dwarf gourami’s lifespan averages four to six years. Here are some tips for keeping your dwarf gourami healthy and happy:

  • Dwarf gouramis need plenty of hiding places, so include rocks, caves or other hiding spots in your aquarium. This will help reduce stress and keep your fish healthy.
  • Like all fish, dwarf gouramis are sensitive to water quality. Make regular water changes and use a good filter system to keep the tank clean.
  • Dwarf gouramis are omnivorous, so they need a diet that includes plant and animal matter. Offer a variety of foods, including frozen or live foods, pellets and flakes.
Male Dwarf Gourami preparing to build a bubble nest

Juan Carlos Palau Díaz on Pixabay

How Big Do Dwarf Gouramis Get?

Most dwarf gouramis grow to be between two and three inches long, though males tend to be larger than females, reaching up to three inches. Females, on the other hand, only grow about two inches in length. A dwarf gourami may grow as large as four inches long, though this is relatively rare and mostly happens in the wild. This is due to various factors, including diet and water conditions.

What Do Dwarf Gouramis Eat?

There are a few things to consider when feeding your dwarf gourami. First, dwarf gouramis are relatively small fish; thus, they won’t need a lot of food. Second, gouramis are omnivores; therefore, they require a diet that includes plant and protein sources.

Fortunately, there are a variety of foods that will meet your gourami’s needs. Live foods are always a good option, and brine shrimp, mosquito larvae, bloodworms and daphnia are all excellent choices. They also eat packaged foods that include pellets and flakes. When it comes to packaged foods, look for high-quality food containing plant and animal proteins.

You should also offer your gourami fresh or frozen vegetables regularly. Spinach, lettuce, peas and zucchini are all good options. Providing a variety of healthy foods can help your dwarf gourami stay happy and healthy.

How Often Should You Feed Your Dwarf Gouramis?

When it comes to feeding dwarf gourami, you should aim to feed them at least twice a day. This will help ensure they get all the nutrients they need. Try to feed them at the same time every day. This will help them get into a regular schedule and make it easier for you to remember.

Regarding how much to feed them, just give them as much as they can eat in two to three minutes. If any foods are left in the water, remove them immediately to avoid water contamination. In addition, avoid overfeeding your fish, as this can lead to indigestion, resulting in a polluted tank from more waste.

How Many Dwarf Gouramis Should Be Kept Together?

Experts generally recommend keeping your fish in groups when it comes to dwarf gourami care. Dwarf gouramis tend to be more active and playful when kept with other fish of their kind, and they also benefit from social interaction.

In terms of numbers, a good rule of thumb is to keep at least three dwarf gouramis together. This will give your fish enough space to explore and play while providing plenty of socialization opportunities. Additionally, dwarf gouramis can typically be kept with other fish, such as neon tetras, cardinal tetras, mollies, chili rasboras, zebra danios and otocinclus catfish.

What Is the Ideal Tank Size for Dwarf Gouramis?

aquarium filtration accessoriesdwarf gouramis careDwarf gouramis are active fish and need room to move around. Generally, you need at least a 10-gallon tank for every three fish. Therefore, if you have six dwarf gouramis, a 30-gallon aquarium is the ideal dwarf gourami tank size. Before getting a tank, consider the water volume, filtration and other tank maintenance.

A larger tank will require more filtration, but it’ll also be more forgiving if you miss one or two water changes. You also want to ensure your tank is big enough to support the bio load of your fish. This means having enough space for the waste produced by your fish and the plants in your tank.

Do Dwarf Gouramis Need a Heater?

pet suppliesmaintain a consistent water tempGenerally, dwarf gouramis are tropical fish that prefer warm water temperatures. As such, most experts recommend using a heater to maintain a consistent water temperature in the tank. The ideal dwarf gourami temperature ranges between 72 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. To maintain this temperature, you should equip your tank with a quality heater, such as the HITOP Adjustable Aquarium Heater.

Do Dwarf Gouramis Need a Filter?

The short answer is yes. Dwarf gouramis do need a filter. Like any other fish, they produce waste that should be removed from the water. A filter will help to keep the water fresh and clean, and it’ll also provide much-needed oxygen.

aquarium freshwater saltwater filtrationThere are many filters on the market, but a Aqueon Canister Filter or a Tararium Hang-On-Back Filter will work well for a dwarf gourami tank. Therefore, if you purchase a dwarf gourami freshwater aquarium, pick up a filter as well.


Generally, dwarf gouramis are relatively low-maintenance fish well-suited to live in a community tank. They’re naturally peaceful and will often get along with other similarly-sized fish. In terms of diet, they’re not particularly fussy eaters. However, it’s important to remember that they’re surface feeders.

When it comes to tank mates, avoid any fish that are too large or aggressive, as they may bully or intimidate your dwarf gouramis. Instead, look for species that share similar needs in terms of water conditions and temperament. With little care and attention, your dwarf gouramis will thrive in your home aquarium.

About the Author

Two male Dwarf Gouramis in an aquarium

Moses Mwangi

Moses is a committed, seasoned content creator who turns ideas into valuable website content and offers quality, fluff-free information across various niches. His area of specialization is writing about pets and animals, and he has passionately been creating content on the niche for over four years. Being a pet lover and having raised and traine[...] Author Details

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